Frequently Asked Questions
Glasses, Contact Lenses
Cataract Surgery (No stitch-no shot)
Medical Eye Exams-(Diabetic, Glaucoma, other medical conditions)
Retina consultation and treatment
Letter to Doctors and Health Care Providers
I would like to take the New Year opportunity to wish you and your staff a prosperous year and continued excellent care to your patients.
In this spirit I would like to inform you of the spectrum of services we provide at the EYE Center which may complement the excellent care you provide.
1) Medical Ophthalmology
We have the extensive experience, tools and equipment to diagnose and treat ophthalmologic manifestations of systemic disease and ophthalmic conditions. Daily we manage dry eye in rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, glaucoma and changes secondary to chronic use of medications such as steroids or Plaquenil.
2) Cataract surgery
We perform a topical clear cornea no-shot, no-stitch procedure and do not require routine discontinuation of anticoagulation. Our patients routinely return to their daily tasks the day following surgery.
3) Refractive Surgery (LASIK and advanced surface procedures)
We offer LASIK and the more advanced surface procedures such as LASEK. We give the patient a spectrum of choices rarely available at other centers.
As you may recall I am a surgeon/physicist who lead the development of the femtosecond laser (Intralase), one of the most sophisticated instrument used in refractive surgery. I bring the combination of clinical acumen and scientific precision to every single patient presenting for refractive surgery. Each case is treated on a customized individual basis.
4) Glasses and Contact lenses. This service main goal is the convenience of our patients, whether following surgery, as a prelude to LASIK, or as an individual service.
We accept a broad range of insurance programs, both medical and vision insurance.
Finally I would like to remind you that I am available for physicians and colleagues at the office number 352 2020 or on my cell phone afterhours. Please do not hesitate to use this resource if you have any question.
Upon your request I would be glad to forward a set of business cards for the convenience of your patients.
Samir I Sayegh, MD, PhD
The EYE Center
403 W. Windsor Rd
Champaign, IL 61820
Articles of Interest
An article on Diabetes by Dr. Sayegh appears here:
An article on "bending light"
For information about the basic workings of the eye:
For information about cataract procedures:
For information about LASIK eye surgery:
LASIK Eye Surgery
Fun EYE Cartoons
This drawing made by Ramy Badie from the Johns Hopkins University, represents a 'lazy eye' and was especially drawn for an article by Dr. Sayegh, on the subject. (This feature is updated periodically, so please check back for more fun cartoons).
Diabetes and the EYE
Diabetes: From EYES to TOES
by Samir I. Sayegh, MD, PhD
DIABETES, INTRODUCTION AND BRIEF HISTORY
Diabetes was first described thousands of years ago in an ancient Egyptian papyrus. Hesy-Ra the chief physician had noticed the frequency of urination of his patients. Indeed
diabetes comes from the word ?siphon? since people with untreated diabetes urinate like a siphon draining water. The diabetes we are familiar with is called diabetes mellitus. Another form, is called diabetes insipidus. Mellitus comes from the Latin word for honey. Medieval physicians (and many small ants observed in antiquity) found that people with diabetes mellitus has a sweet smelling (and tasting) urine. Insipidus comes from insipid, which means lacking flavor, since diabetes insipidus has non-sweet urine.
There are two forms of diabetes mellitus. Type 1 affects younger patients due to a failure of the pancreas to secrete insulin. Unless insulin is supplied death may follow. In type 2 or adult onset diabetes, the pancreas still secretes insulin but cells in the body fail to use it effectively. While not as dramatic as type 1, type 2, on the long run can be devastating to your health and life.
DIABETES: THE BAD NEWS
The US ?leads? the world in diabetes and one diabetic in four doesn?t even know it. This is a potential epidemic. Indeed complications of diabetes can be devastating. They include damage to the eye, including blindness, damage to the kidneys with the possibility of progressing to dialysis or kidney transplant, damage to the nerves, with ulcers on the feet developing into gangrene if untreated. Amputation of toes or limbs is unfortunately too common. High blood pressure and narrowing of the major arteries also increase the risk of heart disease, heart attacks and strokes.
In my own clinic I see patients with a range of eye problems related to diabetes. Some simply have fluctuation in their vision due to change in the sugar level. Some others have long term effects including bleeding inside the eye with sudden loss of vision and some irreversible damage to the eye. Indeed more than 2.5 million people worldwide, including about 24,000 annually in the United States, will lose their sight as a result of diabetic retinopathy.
DIABETES: THE GOOD NEWS
First of all most diabetics have type 2. This gives you some time to act.
Second. Diet works. The most effective measure involves a change in lifestyle with weight reduction and increased physical activity. In the 19th century, during the rationing of food in Paris while under siege during the Franco-Prussian War, French physician Bouchardat noticed the disappearance of sugar in the urine in his diabetes patients. Closer to home, Kris Freeman, was diagnosed with diabetes at age 20 and told that his athletic career was over. Kris is perhaps the best cross-country skier in the United States, and competed in the most recent Olympics.
Third. Medicine works if you need to use it. Insulin was discovered by Banting and Macleod from The University of Toronto who received the Nobel Prize in 1923. They did not attempt to control commercial production. So insulin is now available as a treatment in addition to many pills. An inhaled version of insulin is soon going to be available.
So diet, exercise and medication form a solid triangle that can help lower blood sugar. The ultimate question is whether lowering blood sugar actually helps. The final good news came from two important studies, a US study for type 1 diabetes and a United Kingdom for type 2. The answer is that lowering blood sugar, through whatever means, delays the onset and progression of long-term complications.
An inspiring example was featured in a recent article in the New York Times about Gerald Cleveland, 90 years old and his brother, Robert, 85, diabetics since childhood. Through a strict diet and exercise routine and despite their very early diagnosis, they managed not only to survive against all odds, but to avert the majority of the complications of diabetes.
So if we are willing to work at it, these are sweet news. But please, don't call me Honey!
For more information on Diabetes visit American Diabetes Association
International EYE Consultation
Consultations are available internationally in three locations. Paris, France; Athens, Greece and Cairo, Egypt. The cost of the consultation is 500 Euros excluding any surgical procedures or by prior arrangement. All international consultations are by appointment only. Contact the office to schedule.